Tag Archives: xmpp

Ubikod: Here I come

Today is my last day at Ipsis as I’m joining Ubikod starting from Monday to become a senior software developer.

Ubikod is a young but enthusiastic company that is geared toward the future as they’re leading the way of social network for the Google Android platform through BuddyMob.

The team is passionate and has gathered quite a great knowledge of the platform. On top of that they’re using foxy technologies like XMPP for their platform and I’m excited about getting my hands on.

Things are looking great.

Is XMPP for the web ready?

A discussion started recently on the Jabber social mailing-list about the current state of XMPP support at Facebook. If you don’t remember the idea of a XMPP network for Facebook I’d say it’s rather normal considering they talked about it back in May 2008 and nothing has really happened since then. The discussion has quickly drifted toward the difficulty XMPP knows to really make it big and you can sense some despair within the community.

It seems there are several reasons for this.

First and foremost, XMPP is rather poorly integrated within browsers. Today you have to be part of the browser if you want to succeed. Perhaps the response will come from the rather brilliant lib Strophe. Strophe uses BOSH to connect to XMPP services since Javascript doesn’t offer much access to the low level socket connection object. I hope in the future browsers will offer a built-in XMPP API that can be accessed from Javascript allowing to avoid using BOSH.

Second of all, we need big players to start accepting to let go and start entering Jabber federations so that interoperability actually works. I assume companies have yet to find a way on how they can exercise control over the data they might expose through XMPP whilst finding a way to monetize them.

Third I’d say there is a critical lack of PR around XMPP as an added value to the business. To be honest there is the same issue with AtomPub in my opinion. Both are fantastic technologies but they don’t sell by themselves and I find there is a lack of support from companies to support them. SOAP might have been a crap technology but it was backed up by large businesses that were competing with each other (for the worse one might argue).

Finally, and to me this is the most critical reason, XMPP doesn’t integrate well with the web in general. From the browser side as I suggested above to the fact that it’s rather hard to combine web application with jabber ones. Its definitely doable but requires some careful attention to your architecture. Jack Moffitt argues it’s not XMPP’s fault. It’s quite true as a protocol but I believe it’s not really the right way to invite web developers to push it one step further if you blame them for doing it wrong.

I believe XMPP has tremendous potential but it’s still has some way to go before it finds its place.

XMPP and IronPython 2 using headstock, bridge and Kamaelia

I am glad to announce that IronPython 2 is now capable of running my XMPP
Python library: headstock.

.NET has already an excellent XMPP SDK called agsXMPP that is a native
.NET/C# framework. However I’m a Python developers at heart and I had
started quite a while ago writing my own XMPP library in Python using the
most excellent Kamaelia framework (designed for concurrency).

For a while IronPython had severe shortcomings that prevented it running
simple Kamaelia applications. Today I was able to run a simplechat demo
using a vanilla IP2 on Windows with only one single modification to the
logging module (thanks Seo). To be honest I didn’t expect it to go through
:)

The chat demo is simple enough but means more complex examples using XMPP
PubSub will work as well (they are all based on the same framework).

Now this isn’t production ready or anything. For instance the TLS support
is broken (hopefully something easy enough to fix) so you won’t be able to
connect to Google Talk for now.

Moreover I’m not sure the code is that fast considering how I had to
simulate an incremental XML parser atop System.Xml (this allows for a
XML stream to be parsed without requiring the full document or even
fragment to be read first).

This is a great news for me because it means I’ll be able to move ahead
with more work using IronPython 2.

Geolocalization and microblogging

I’ve been working recently with Adrian Hornsby who’s been interested in using the microblogging example I had setup to demonstrate headstock, amplee and some ideas about microblogging in general. Today Adrian asked me how to add some gelocalization information to a message flowing through the system. It took me just a couple of hours to implement it so that now you can push a message like: GEO text [lat,long] through your IM client. This will tell the demo to add a georss:point element to the generate atom entry which will eventually lead to a Google map to be displayed in the web page mapping the atom entry.

Notifixious – A notification platform

I’ve recently registered to Notifixious home page, a notification platform that integrates XMPP natively. Though the application is not looking as polished as one might hope it already provides interesting features.

Overall I think any work towards better notification system is the right idea. We need better ways to notify people or get notified about relevant piece of information. From a technology’s perspective transport protocols (well at the application’s level) already exist to perform the task of carrying the information, they are namely HTTP and XMPP. However there is still quite a large gap to fill about what to carry exactly. Notifixious doesn’t solve that gap per se but offers at least a good base for playing around with some floating ideas. For instance I’ve introduced today the Notifixious’s crowd to LLUP which has been initiated and carried on for a few years now to answer that specific problem. Perhaps it’ll make it way through.

Update: The guys at Notifixious just posted a message about how PubSub is heavily used by their service.

jlib preview – PyQt4 library for XMPP

I’ve been recently working on a library called jlib that providing PyQt4 objects and widgets that can be integrated to a PyQt4 application. In other words jlib is not a new Jabber client but a toolbox to enjoy the benefit of XMPP. The XMPP work is performed by headstock, jlib only glues headstock to PyQt4 through the use of signals/slots.
jlib is not ready yet but here is a preview of a few widgets I’ve already started working on. Ultimately my main interests is in creating a decent toolbox of widgets centered towards XMPP PubSub.

XMPP, AtomPub and microblogging

Following my previous posts about my work on mixing AtomPub and XMPP together in a single application I’ve worked yesterday on the basic workflow of the application I write.

The first use case is to create a profile using OpenID.

  1. When landing on the application main page the user can enter his (or her) OpenID which will redirect him to his OpenID provider for validation.
  2. Once validated and accepted the user comes back to the application which shows a simple profile page pre-filled with information using the simple registration extension of OpenID.
  3. Upon submitting his profile for registration the application stores the profile following the format described in XEP-0154. It also creates a node in a Jabber PubSub service that will be used as the top-level node of the user. It finally creates a workspace specific to the user within the AtomPub service.

Note the the application I’m writing will conflate two similar notions into one and make them context free:

  1. node in PubSub
  2. collection in AtomPub

Both terms will refer to a channel in the application. So sub-nodes of the user top-level node will be called a channels and each collection within the user workspace will also be called a channel. In other words publishing data to a channel means publishing data to both the PubSub node and the AtomPub collection at the same time no matter the protocol chosen to perform the operation. The channel convention is arbitrary but helpful as it hides the underlying protocol away.

Once a user is registered to the application he can log in using his OpenID. After logging in the user can register, start and stop the internal XMPP client associated with his account. The first step is to register it from the application. Once registered the client can be started and stopped at will.
When the internal XMPP client is registered the user ought to use his favorite Jabber client to register a new account to the Jabber server. Then he should subscribe to the internal client’s contact list that will automatically accept it (probably in a better scenario subscription should be moderated from the user’s profile page).

The second use case is to create channels

  1. The user could create channels using either his Jabber client or using the AtomPub interface.
  2. In both cases the application would create both the according PubSub sub-node to the user’s top-level node and the appropriate AtomPub collection.

The third use case is to publish data to channels with XMPP

  1. The user uses his own Jabber client to send a message to the internal jabber client like this: “publish channel Hello world”. This would translate into “Publish ‘Hello world’ to channel” where channel is the name of the channel to publish to.
  2. The jabber server would forward this message to the internal client who upon parsing it would understand it must publish the sent data to the according PubSub node. First it would enclose the data into the atom:content of an atom entry and publish that entry as the node’s item.
  3. When the item is published the Jabber server would send a notification back to the internal client which could then create and store the according AtomPub member entry to the appropriate collection. The entry would become visible via the Atom feed of the collection.

Note that waiting for the notification to be propagated back to store the atom entry within the collection rather than doing it immediately when publishing to the PubSub node is not gratuitous. Indeed the user could publish items directly from an external client that understands PubSub. By doing it the way described above we ensure that even in such a case the internal client will be informed a new item was published to a node it is subscribed to and therefore the application will keep in sync’ no matter what.
The fourth use case is to publish data to channels with AtomPub
This would be similar to the previous use case except the entry point would be the AtomPub interface and that of course a message would be sent through XMPP accordingly.
Deleting items from channels would work in the same fashion.
Of course the user’s channels would then be publicly available and other users could subscribe to the Atom feed, to the internal XMPP client or to the user’s PubSub nodes.

From there on the application could be extended so that for instance users can comment to each other and ensure that the channels’ items contain that information, for instance using RFC 4685 within each item.

These are few things I’ve been working on. The application is not ready yet and it might take a few days for it to complete and hopefully some of you will be interested in testing it then.
Regarding the platform used, Python and the following products:

  1. headstock through Kamaelia for the XMPP layer
  2. amplee for the AtomPub interface
  3. CherryPy 3.1 for the HTTP serving
  4. amara for the XML handling

Facebook goes XMPP

Via Peter Saint-André we learn that facebook is adding XMPP as a mean to connect and use its services. Independently from what usage is made of Facebook this is a great news for the Jabber community in general and the protocol itself as it demonstrates that, unlike some nay-sayers used to claim in the past, XMPP will be the the true sibling to HTTP when it comes to social networking and delivering near real-time data on a large scale. Indeed, considering that media companies like the BBC, are looking at using too (even if it’s purely at a research level for now) it seems to me that XMPP has great years ahead.
I find that interesting though that Google, which has had a Jabber network for years now, has never been able to actually push much that way. I mean Orkut and Google Talk have been able to communicate for quite some time and yet it seems the Facebook prospect is more exciting for the Jabber community than Google’s usage ever was. Maybe it comes down to the fact Orkut is a pale shadow of Facebook.

On a personal level, I won’t complain that Google doesn’t push advertisement through Google Talk of course but one may wonder why it doesn’t do so from a business point of view. well probably they know having ads that way would drive their customers away, as they say (emphasis mine):

There are no ads in your chat sessions or your Quick Contacts list. Once a chat is saved, however, it becomes just like a Gmail message. And just as you may see relevant ads next to your Gmail messages, there now may be ads alongside your saved chats. Ads are only displayed when you’re viewing a saved chat, and as with all ads in Gmail, they are matched entirely by computers. Only ads classified as Family-Safe are shown and we are constantly improving our technologies to prevent displaying any inappropriate ads. One of the things many Gmail users have told us is how much they appreciate the unobtrusive text ads in Gmail, as opposed to the large, irrelevant, blinking banner ads they often see in other services, and many have even cited the usefulness of the ads in Gmail.

We’ll see how Facebook handles it considering the big fiasco Beacon was.

As a developer I’ve long felt frustrated at how limited the Google Talk standalone application is. Google Talk gadget is a bit better featured but it pains me having to use it when I prefer its big brother. Still both are very limited. To be fair though most well known IM clients speaking XMPP are limited in regards to what the protocol and its extensions offer. It’s sad so little support PubSub and even those that do are somewhat basic in their support.
Let’s hope we’ll more and more XMPP applications out of the context of instant messaging or with a larger scope like microblogging.

Update: sorry if you see this message again, WP has somehow decided to update feed with a new date…

XMPP, AtomPub, headstock, amplee and the BBC

Matthew Wood, from the BBC Radio Labs, posted a few days ago an exciting note regarding fun he was having with XMPP and services such as last.fm to inform user, via XMPP messages, of BBC radios broadcasting music they might like based on thier last.fm profile. I thought this was fantastic but I was even more excited when I read another note where he explained that he was using PubSub as a mean to carry and distribute metadata about BBC shows using Atom entries as the metadata format.
This evening I spent three hours expanding on the simple chat example coming with headstock to talk with the PubSub service. Then I integrated amplee as a way to offer an AtomPub interface at the same time. This means that when the demo starts both a XMPP client, connecting to Matt’s service, and an AtomPub server, using amplee and served by CherryPy, are started. The XMPP client asks the server about PubSub nodes. For each node representing BBC channels I create an atompub collection within its own workspace. Simultaneously I subscribe to those nodes. I then ask the XMPP server for items belonging to those nodes and for each item, representing metadata about a show for instance, I create an atom entry that I store within the AtomPub store.
This means one can then simply subscribe with a feed reader to a given collection and/or a XMPP PubSub node. All of this happening on the fly starting from an empty AtomPub service document.
Eventually I will add support so that when an Atom entry is POSTed to a AtomPub collection, the according PubSub stanza is pushed towards the service (I doubt Matt’s service accepts it though) allowing for microblogging support.
The source code of the example can be found here. If you want to understand how it works you might want to read this quick word I wrote about Kamaelia first which is at the core of headstock.

AtomPub and XMPP

There has been quite a lot of discussions around the use of XMPP in a web context and how to blend HTTP and XMPP protocols for a better social network experience.

I’ve been working on implementing XMPP for a while now on my spare time and even though it’s been a much slower effort I would have liked, I’ve been able to have a fantastic fun with it. Most recently I’ve started integrating XMPP PubSub along with AtomPub using my AtomPub implementation, amplee.
The idea is to use amplee as an AtomPub library from within XMPP PubSub handlers. For instance I map AtomPub collections to PubSub nodes . When an atom entry is published to a node and that the client receives an acknowledgment of that publication, the handler uses amplee to store the entry in the AtomPub collection as well, respecting of course the RFC specification. Similarly if an item is deleted, the handler uses amplee to remove the entry from the collection. This works both ways, we can also run an AtomPub web service which issues the right XMPP stanzas according to the operation carried. So a POST on a collection would publish the atom entry to the XMPP server. The web service would obviously expose the Atom feed of the collection.
This is just a stub, but the idea here is to associate both protocols so that they cooperate to expand the audience of your network. It’d be easy to consider allowing people commenting to a blog entry using their XMPP client. You blog entry would for instance advert the XMPP service and node name where to publish items. The user could then subscribe to than node and publish items.
That’s one reason why I had written amplee as an AtomPub library that could work outside of the HTTP protocol. RFC 5023 defines the protocol using HTTP but the root idea behind it works well in the context of XMPP and maybe AtomPub is the protocol that will rule them all.