Using Jython as a CLI frontend to HBase

HBase, the well known non-relational distributed database, comes with a console program to perform various operations on a HBase cluster. I’ve personally found this tool to be a bit limited and I’ve toyed around the idea of writing my own. Since HBase only comes with a Java driver for direct access and the various RPC interfaces such as Thrift don’t offer the full set of functions over HBase, I decided to go for Jython and to directly use the Java API. This article will show a mock-up of such a tool.

The idea is to provide a simple Python API over the HBase one and couple it with a Python interpreter. This means, it offers the possibility to perform any Python (well Jython) operations whilst operating on HBase itself with an easier API than the Java one.

Note also that the tool uses the WSPBus already described in an earlier article to control the process itself. You will therefore need CherryPy’s latest revision.

To test the tool, you can simply grab the latest copy of HBase and run:

Then you need to configure your classpath so that it includes all the HBase dependencies. To determine them:

Copy the full list of jars and export CLASSPATH with it. (This is from the HBase wiki on Jython and HBase).

Next you have to add an extra jar to the classpath so that Jython supports readline:

Make sure you’ll install libreadline-java as well.

Now, that your environment is setup, save the code above under a script named and run it as follow:

You can import any Python module available to your Jython environment as well of course.

I will probably extend this tool over time but in the meantime I hope you’ll find it a useful canvas to operate HBase.

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